Health

5 Ways to Prevent Hip Fractures as You Age

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As you get older, your eyesight worsens, your bones weaken, and you may develop balance problems or arthritis, putting you at greater risk for hip fractures from falls. hip fractures and here’s what you need to know about how to prevent them.

More than 100,000 people suffer hip fractures each year. Most of these fractures occur in patients aged 65 years or older who were injured as a result of a fall. Unfortunately, one in five adults aged 60 and over dies within 12 months of having a hip fracture. hip fractures almost always requires surgical repair or replacement. Your doctor can determine the best treatment option based on your age, health status, and severity of the fracture.

What is a Hip Fracture?

The femoral head of the hip socket is balanced from the thigh bone which puts a significant amount of stress on that joint during daily activities. As bones weaken over time, whether due to osteoporosis or other factors, that area becomes more prone to fracture if you fall. Bone quality is most impaired in areas such as the lumbar spine, wrist, and hip because these areas are more likely to suffer the effects of osteoporosis and sustain a fracture with or without another trauma, such as a fall or traffic accident.

How to Prevent Hip Fractures as You Age

Types of Hip Fractures

hip fractures It can occur in two places:

  • Femoral neck fracture: Located within the original capsule of the hip joint, it is more difficult to heal – especially if the hip is dislocated and a surgeon fixes it with screws or other orthopedic instruments.
  • Intertrochanteric fracture: Located slightly below the actual hip joint itself and typically occurs in older and weaker patients.

Hip Fracture Treatments

In more active patients with a femoral neck fracture, doctors may perform total hip arthroplasty. Those who are more fragile will likely undergo hemiarthroplasty, also called partial hip replacement. With an intertrochanteric hip fracture, doctors will almost always treat it with internal orthopedic instruments, which may include a screwed side plate or a rod that descends into the center of the bone.

Common Causes of Hip Fracture

Stings are one of the most common reasons older people fall and break their hips. There may be a change in height from room to room, being pulled to the ground by pets, or a rug in front of the door where they can easily stumble and lose their balance.

Tips for Preventing Falls

There are several things you can do to reduce your risk of falling:

1. Talk to your doctor and he or she can assess your risk of falling, review your medications to see if it makes you dizzy or drowsy, and possibly recommend a vitamin D supplement.

2. Have osteoporosis screened and treated if necessary.

3. Do strength and balance exercises to improve your balance and strengthen your legs.

4. Have your eyes checked at least once a year and replace your glasses if necessary.

5. Protect your home against the elderly by moving items you might trip over, adding grab bars in your tub or shower and near the toilet, and putting brighter bulbs in your lamps.

If you break your hip, doctors will put you into surgery and rehab as soon as possible. Delay in surgery increases the likelihood of complications. hip fracture Complete rehabilitation from hip fracture after surgery is possible, but can be difficult. You will recover six weeks after surgery, and between six and 12 months you will usually be back to your pre-fracture level of motion, depending on your activity level before the fracture.

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