Living with asthma is never easy. It requires you to stay away from substances that can trigger your asthma and make it difficult to breathe. Asthma symptoms It’s different for different people. It can range from mild attacks of coughing or wheezing that resolve within minutes to severe asthma attacks that are less common but may require immediate medical attention.
What is Asthma?
Asthma is a long-term lung disease. In asthma, your bronchial tubes become inflamed and block the flow of air into and out of your lungs. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there are currently about 25 million Americans. asthma diagnosis is placed. Asthma is the most common chronic disease in childhood and affects 1 in 14 American children.
Normally, air passes through many narrow air passages as it enters and exits your lungs as you breathe in. In asthma, the airways narrow and swell in response to certain triggers and narrow further as mucus fills them. This causes difficulty in breathing, coughing, wheezing and chest tightness.
May rarely experience symptoms while exercising or persistent as follows asthma you may have symptoms:
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain or tightness
- Sleep problems caused by shortness of breath and wheezing
- Worsening of cold and flu symptoms causing wheezing or shortness of breath
In the following cases asthma symptoms You can take:
- Allergic asthma can be caused by allergens such as pollen, dust mites, cockroaches, mold and pets.
- Non-allergic asthma can be triggered by cold weather, respiratory infections such as colds and flu, environmental factors such as tobacco smoke, strong odors and environmental pollution.
- Physical activity, strong emotions, and stress can also trigger asthma attacks in some.
- Some medications, such as aspirin, beta-blockers, and nonsteroidal pain relievers such as Ibuprofen and Advil, can cause asthmatic reactions.
- Preservatives and sulfites added to foods and beverages such as shrimp, processed foods, potatoes, and wine can trigger asthma in some people.
- Diseases such as GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) can cause asthma symptoms.
Asthma Treatment Options
After diagnosing asthma, your doctor will plan your asthma treatment based on the following factors:
- Your age
- severity of symptoms
- Triggers that cause asthma attacks
- your asthma type
Asthma treatment can be classified as:
Quick Reliever Asthma Treatment
Rarely asthma attacks In your case, doctors prescribe quick-relief medications called bronchodilators. These come in the form of inhalers or nebulizers to relax tense muscles around your airways and allow you to breathe better. In rare cases and in the case of mild asthma symptoms, inhalers and nebulizers can be used as home remedies.
Long-Term Asthma Control Drugs
If you have frequent or persistent asthma, your doctor will prescribe long-term medications to keep your asthma under control. This may include:
- Inhaled glucocorticoids: These anti-inflammatory drugs help reduce mucus production and swelling in your airways, allowing you to breathe better.
- Long-acting bronchodilators: They are used with anti-inflammatory medications to relax the muscles around your airways.
- Anticholinergics: They help reduce mucus and relax the muscles around the airways to keep persistent asthma under control.