Asthma is a chronic (long-term or recurrent) inflammatory disease that affects your lungs. Asthma can cause wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness and coughing. asthma attack During breathing, the lungs become irritated and inflamed, making it difficult to breathe.
Symptoms vary from person to person, from mild to severe, and may occur frequently or rarely. Some signs and symptoms include:
- Shortness of breath
- Rapid and difficult breathing
- Chest tightness or pain
- Trouble sleeping due to shortness of breath, coughing or wheezing
- Whistling, wheezing or clicking sound when exhaling
- increased mucus production
It is not known why some people have asthma, while others do not. Asthma can be caused by both environmental and genetic factors. An asthma attack occurs when something bothers your lungs and causes a reaction. In people with asthma, the lungs are sensitive and react to irritants or triggers. These triggers can bring on asthma symptoms and lead to an asthma attack. For some people, asthma symptoms flare up in certain situations:
- During physical activity, especially when the air outside is cold and dry.
- Exposure to irritants at school or work. These may contain chemicals, gases, dust and other harmful substances.
- Allergies from pollen, mold, pet dander, trees and grass, cockroaches and other substances.
- during an illness. This includes an upper respiratory virus or sinus infection, such as the common cold and flu.
Asthma triggersare things that a person with asthma may react to in the environment. These triggers can make it harder for them to breathe and lead to an asthma attack. Asthma triggers vary from person to person but can include:
- To smoke
- Sprays and Powders
- particulate matter
- chemical fumes
- Emissions from cars and trucks
- pet hair
- dust mites
- Certain foods, beverages, or preservatives added to foods
- some drugs
- cold, dry air
- Freezing temperatures
- high humidity
- poor air quality
Respiratory Tract Infections
- common cold, flu,
- upper respiratory virus
Physical and Mental Stress
- strenuous exercise
- Emotional problems that can lead to hyperventilation
- Gastroesophageal reflux (GERD)
Only a healthcare professional can diagnose asthma. diagnosing asthma The doctor will perform a medical examination and ask a series of questions about the person’s health. Questions may include problems with breathing and family medical history. They may also ask about allergies, illnesses, and things that make breathing difficult. During the physical exam, the doctor will check the heart and lungs and may do a lung function test.
How Is Asthma Managed?
People with controlled asthma may:
- Prevent ongoing symptoms
- Reduce the use of drugs that provide quick relief
- Maintain breathing ability, maintain normal activity levels.
- They can also reduce asthma attacks and prevent lung function loss.
Asthma can be managed by:
- Evaluation of asthma control
- Monitoring symptoms
- Taking medications as directed
- avoiding known asthma triggers